The Textile Factory

About The Textile Factory

Textile manufacturing is based in the conversion of three types of fibred into yarn, then fabric, then textiles. These are then fabricated into clothes or other artifacts. Cotton remains the most important natural fibred, so is treated in depth. There are many variable processes available at the spinning and fabric-forming stages coupled with the complexities of the finishing and coloration processes to the production of wide ranges of products. There remains a large industry that uses hand techniques to achieve the same results. Artisans were inventing ways to become more productive . Silk, Wool, Fustian, were being eclipsed by Cotton which was becoming the most important textile. This set the foundations for the changes.
  • Steam power is the improved steam engine invented by James Watt and patented in 1775 was initially mainly used for pumping out mines, but from the 1780s was applied to power machines. This enabled rapid development of efficient semi-automated factories on a previously unimaginable scale in places where waterpower was not available.